For any study of the physical history of the Ara Pacis Augustae, this is a key publication. 25-32, Moretti, Giuseppe (1876-1945) brought to light other remains of the monument, both architectural and decorative. Each of these processes has its own techniques, involving tools, methods and traditions. The majority of papers present recent approaches that make use of developing forms of digital imaging. Cambridge University Press, 1993. This is a gem of a book. Ed. Plate 13, description p. 70, is titled “A demonstration of various stages of sculptures being restored, including the mechanical devices suited for these operations and ways to facilitate their use”. In the 1982 reprint, these pages are number also pp. Boatwright, Mary Taliaferro Text of the document available on the web from the Soprintendenza per i Beni Architettonici. ˆPax  Augusta, Ara". The largest section is devoted to monumental works and the sculpture of master carvers. There is a brief but insightful discussion of the related obelisk and Solarium Augusti. La Rocca, Eugenio, “Zur Einführung". 184-206. 13-23. A comprehensively understood account of the planning history of Rome from 1879-1950, with separate accounts of major districts; based on extensive archival research. 1910, pp. Monumenti dell'Instituto di corrispondenza archeologico (Mon. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007. Vol. Fabrizio di Amato, CEO, Maire Tecnimont Vol.6, No.1 (Summer 2009), pp. Haselberger, Lothar and John Humphrey, eds. 1982, 9, pp. "Ara Pacis restituta. Following a chapter on the concept of "an urban image", the book is organized chronologically from Republican Rome to the death of Augustus. Haselberger, Lothar, ed. Several of the most important photographs in this new publication had already been published by Petersen, and Durm’s remarkable 1904 drawing had already been published by Dissel. 1888) as Demeter/Ceres, Persephone and Poseidon. This block was not excavated until 1937. “Augustus, Mussolini, and the Parallel Imagery of Empire” . E. Borman and F. van Drehn. Da, da, ai inteles corect, cat se poate de largi la coapse si ingusti in partea de jos, silueta anilor ’80 este din nou actuala. Perna, Roberta-diane Judith Altogether, these provide a multifaceted picture of the 1938 Morpurgo pavilion and 2006 Meier museum, and the situation of the Ara Pacis within. Palmer, Robert E. A. Philadelphia: Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, 1966. This 32 minute audioguide is based on the published museum guide by the same author. Intro: RE#m7 SIadd9 FA# RE#m7 SIadd9 Come va? 307-315. 270-325. Other than correcting a few errors by previous scholars, the article contains no major discoveries. There is an especially informative description of the physical problems caused by the hurried and low quality construction of the pavilion and of the debates surrounding possible solutions. Sguardi. (ca. He writes that the most important and complicated work was the substitution of large crystal plate walls to regulate the temperature and provide increased light and transparency. by Roman sculptors. A composite, panoramic photograph of this same carved inscription is on this website. 44, Nos. Crawford’s own suggestions, however, are no longer accepted by scholars. Together, they constituted the first books published on the Ara Pacis Augustae. Bullettino della Commissione Archeologica Comunale di Roma.. 70-74. Engramma The sculptural style and composition, inspired by Classical reliefs, elevates the scene beyond the historical occasion into a timeless sphere. A major, comprehensive “study of Roman monumental sculpture in its cultural, political, and social contexts”. 319-365 and plates 108-117. Stern, Gaius C. Augustus and Capricorn: Astrological Polyvalency and Imperial Rhetoric". In addition to discussions of individual portrait and types, Pollini presents a thoughtful examination of various methodological issues raised by Boschung regarding Roman portraits, and a revealing section on “Variability and Assimilation in Portraiture”. In this brief article (1 ½ pages text plus 4 high-quality, gray-scale photos), the author presents meticulously observed evidence demonstrating that the slight separation between marble slabs II and III of the north side processional frieze, as we now see it, is too narrow, distorting the sequence of figures. There are extensive endnotes and bibliography, and 7 plates. Donatello among the Blackshirts: History and Modernity in the Visual Culture of Fascist Italy, ed. Listed under del Prete. Sauron, Gilles 7-55. Colore e Colorminetria, Contributi Multidisciplnari. 130-136. ”Ara Pacis: fonti numismatiche” de Grummond, Nancy Thomson 2 (2001), pp. Text pp. The Third Rome, 1870-1950: Traffic and Glory. 175-199; and Supplement, pp. Chapter 2, “The Age of Augustus and the Birth of Imperial Art”, includes a 10 page section on the Ara Pacis Augustae including 12 medium quality gray-scale illustrations. His landmark, 2-volume publication did not appear until 1948, but this scholarly guide book is an invaluable record of Moretti’s understanding of the altar at the time of its reconstruction. This essential article, by one of the key participants in the 1903 excavation of the Ara Pacis, was the second publication (after Pasqui 1903) to provide a description of the project. 35 ff. The young German archaeologist Friedrich von Duhn observed that a number of ancient Roman marble reliefs were so similar in style and size that they most have come from the same monument.  “La ricerca sulla policromia nella sculptura antica.” 1 386 RON The North Face M Summit Softshell Pant , pantaloni tehnici. Stern, Gaius ed. Vol. Pino Stampini. . There are 3 illustrations including one of the color reconstruction of the exterior walls of the Ara Pacis as realized by S. Borghini and R. Carlani. At first, the images appear to be clearly organized according to sections of the altar, with details available by clicking on sections of the reliefs and friezes. He notes types of damage, areas where previous cuttings and recarvings had been carried out, and heads completely missing. An elegiac poem following the Roman calendar, treating religious festivals, historical anniversaries, etc. Pino Stampini. a text volume with prints (pages 1-3 on this website), accompanying volume of photogravures (page 4 on this website). Photos of this incorrect join, most obvious when seen from the side, are available on this web site. This book is a wide-ranging examination of the ways in which the family was represented during the Roman Empire. ", Book III, March, lines 881-882 Tradition in Late Antique Sculpture, 1994. Brandi, Cesare (1906-1988) Milan, 1893-1901). Vienna: Phoibos-Verlag, 1993, pp. The article consists of 5 pages of text and 6 carefully chosen, high-quality gray-scale photographs. Conti, Alessandro Die Marmorbildwerke der Uffizien in Florenz. 2) photographed as discovered in the narrow passageway of the tunnel under the Via in Lucina, along the south side of the Piazza Fiano. There are only 6 illustrations for the Ara Pacis (figs. On one side a continuous composite photo of the 1938-39 Res Gestae carved inscription, retained and restored as part of the new 2006 museum; and below it a translation in Italian and English. Rossini, Orietta 92 (1985), pp. Publication of 2 engravings by Giovanni Pietro Bartoli, representing 2 sections of the original south processional frieze of the Ara Pacis. Vol. Photographs of the relief with image of this obelisk are reproduced on this website. The exhibition of the Roman Augustus”. ca. XXXV. Vol. Journal of Roman Studies (JRS). 97 (2007), pp. “Horologium Solarium Augusti”. Gatti, Giglielmo; "Si Puo Valoizzare Il Mausoeo di Augusto?”; Amor di Roma. 377-378). Pisa, 2006. “In attesa dell scavo dell' 'Ara Pacis Augustae":  considerazione generali sul monumento". “Fonti letterarie antiche sull’ara augustae”. . Vol. In addition he proposes that the Ara Pacis Augustae eventually be installed in the Mausoleum at the center of a large, well-lit central hall, 30 meters in diameter and 12 meters high, invisible from the outside. Roma: “L’Emma” di Bretschneider, 1950. Center for Old World Archaeology and Art, Brown University, and Institut Supérieur d’Archéologie et d’Histoire de L’Art, Collège Érasme, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, 1985. Direttore responsable Alberto Pugliese. Etlin, Richard A. A high quality, zoomable detail of this essential marble fragment and plaster addition is available on this website. Photographs of the Eastern child, and of the woman standing behind with hand on the child’s head, on the south processional frieze, are on this website. Korres, M. Supplicatio in 13 B.C.” Severy, Beth This book is a magnificent production. Indeed, the author notes that he is working on a book entitled The Image of Augustus: Art, Ideology, and the Rhetoric of Leadeship. In his abstract, the author concludes that “the Altar’s imagery of the Golden Age . E ti guardo. Engramma, no. Engramma, no.58 (July-Aug. 2007). Koeppel, G. M. Ein Beitrag zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der augusteischen Ornamentik. He was the first to identify the processional reliefs as “the ceremony of inauguratio of the place upon which the Altar of Peace was to be erected” (p.2), and thus to re-identify many of the participants represented, including the priestly colleges. Teoria del Restauro. Available on the web through JStor at You priests, add incense to the flames at the rites of Peace, and let the white victim fall, its brow well soaked. Previous to the completion of her 1993 doctoral dissertation and publication of her major 1997 book (both listed above), Conlin published this meticulous study of the area of the south processional frieze of the Ara Pacis where panels 6 and 7 were incorrectly joined in the 1938 reconstruction, as still seen today in the Musee dell’Ara Pacis. First, an intensive program of excavation and restoration in Rome has uncovered new structures and cast new light on old ones . "Les Bas-reliefs Historiques". On many of these pages there are 12 or more small color photographs comparing details of the Ara Pacis with photographs of flowers, berries, leaves, vines, foliage, bulbs, etc. Estrato da L’Urbe, Anno III, N. 8 – Agosto 1938 – XVI, Scriba, Friedemann Pp.  “The Third Man: Restoration Problems on the North Frieze of the Ara Pacis Augustae”. Il Restauro dei Monumenti. Mitteilungen des Kunsthistorischen Institutes in Florenz. The child in the north frieze is Parthian and the child on the south is a Gaul, thus “represented the peace that had been achieved in both East and West” (p. 41). An oversize book of about 140 unnumbered pages, celebrating the design, construction, and opening of the Museo dell’Ara Pacis. Laurea in Logistica al Politecnico di Torino_lezione a cura di Renzo Provedel... SGI_Open Innovation_Open scienza_Open Salute_slide_MONTE CITORIO_18aprile2016, Materialità ed immaterialità di un patrimonio culturale, No public clipboards found for this slide. "Cataloguing Roman Portraits: four new studies." "The Uncertainty of Fascist Aesthetics: Political Ideology and Historical Reality". "Città vecchia ed edilizia nuova", 1913. 9. Photos of this incorrect join, most obvious when seen from the side, are available on this web site. Bolletino d”Arte/BDA. Bonner Jahrbücher des  rheinischen Landsmuseums in Bonn und des Vereins von Altertumsfreunden im Rheinlande (BJb / BonJbb). The author writes that “my focus in this book is on the Augustan transformation of a single geographic area of Rome, the Campus Martius, from a center of display and competition among the old Republican families into a kind of Augustan ‘theme park’ that evolved over time, celebrated his major achievements and prepared for his death and eventual deification” (p.xiii). There are photographs on nearly all of the 130 some pages. Also published as L'Inventario del Mondo: Géografia e Politica alle Origini dell'Impero Romano. All are of the highest professional quality.,,, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995. The photographs were for sale and published in parts; the final catalogue of 2,200 plates published in 1879 as The Archaeology of Rome. Pp. The comprehensive and well-balanced handbook by Giulia Bordignon, titled Ara Pacis Augustae, is separately listed and annotated in this web bibliography under Bordignon, 2010. . American Journal of Archaeology (AJA). The text is so thorough, balanced and clearly written that any serious objections would be out of place. Available on the web through JStor at Written by the director of the Museo dell’Ara Pacis, this is often described as the museum guidebook, and it is indeed appealingly presented. Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts  (Jdl ). Björn C. Ewald and Carlos F. Noren´a. Galinsky, Karl Robathan Dorothy M. “Augustus, Domitian and the So-called Horologium Augusti”. Varying lines and graphic marks were used to distinguish such things as foundations, cliffs, roads, and hypothetical reconstructions. Vezi pantaloni damă interesanți 30 de zile pentru schimb sau rambursare Livrare gratuită la comenzile de peste 250 lei Peste 100 de saloane în Europa ⭐SIZEER⭐ In contrast, this article included the first published photograph of the famous photograph of the relatively complete, well-preserved panel of the flamines to the right of Augustus in the south side processional frieze. 528-530. . Listed and annotated as "The Floral Zone of the Ara Pacis Augustae", in the next entry below, L’Orange, The Roman Empire: Art Forms and Civic Life. Pages 71-77 are on Mussolini’s rebuilding of the Piazza Augusto Imperatore, including the Ara Pacis Augustae. The Mute Stones Speak: the Story of Archaeology in Italy. This landmark publication included early and recent drawings of key slabs, a few presumably drawn by von Duhn or assistants, showing their condition at different times and additions made., Spivey warns against jumping to the conclusion that nearly all ancient sculpture was colored. Carbonara, Giovanni Storia di una anastilosi difficile". Concened with the problem of authenticity, Boito advocates, in addition to the criterion of minimal intervention, principles that insist on the visibility of nonoriginal elements added during restoration and on scrupulous documentation". The section “Monuments on the Northern Campus Martius” includes a basic description of the Ara Pacis (pages 296-304, figs. 49-63. Rome: Museo dell’Ara Pacis Gargano,. In the botanical alphabet, she identifies and describes 80 some plants represented on the Ara Pacis, identifies their location in the Roman Empire, their symbolic meaning, and distribution on the scrolling acanthus friezes. landmark charter, in addition to the many general recommnedations, a few specific statements are of special relevance for later decisions and policies in Rome and as a context for treatment of the Ara Pacis Augustae. Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003; pp. Rome: De Luca, 1985; pp. Pasqui, Angiolo  Natural History (Naturalis Historia). For that matter, why go to the trouble of combining glass paste for inlaid eyes? Gustavo Giovannoni: Riflessioni agli albori del XXI secolo X. Center for Old World Archaeology and Art, Brown University, and Institut Supérieur d’Archéologie et d’Histoire de L’Art, Collège Érasme, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, 1985; pp. Pantaloni casual pentru bărbați pentru orice ținută pe ZARA online. Three of the articles are separately listed and annotated in this web bibliography: Colore e Colorminetria, Contributi Multidisciplnari. D'Amelio, Angela Maria “ Un nuovo museuo per l’ara pacis augustae: esperienza quotidiana e forme di una  città”. London: Institute of Classic Studies, 2000. This article makes a major contribution to our understanding of color on the Ara Pacis Augustae and indeed to the use of color and the meaning of polychromy on Augustan monuments. But the Greek artist treats ideas and myth in broad glosses. "LAra Pacis Augustae nei filmati dell'Archivio Storico Istituto Luce". Edizione Quasar, 1990, a half-size edition (1st ed. Estratto dalla Rivista “Capitolium n. 9 – Settembre 1934 – XII, pp. Rome: De Luca Editore 2004. Available on the web through JStor at Available onlne through JStor. La mia felpa fluo-uo nei tuoi occhi blu, uh uh “Ara Pacis Augustae. A large format book (pages 11 x 9 1/4 ins. Vol. 117 of 6 April 1972 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION All text in English, German, and French. Centanni, Monica; Maria Grazia Ciani 94, No. 124-128. / Mittheil. Burford, Alison Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute, 1996. Commune di Roma. 404-421. Cozza, L.a  [Lucos] 9-16. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan; Kelsey Museum of Archaeology, 1980. Crafsmen in Greek and Roman Society. There are clarifying descriptions of several features such as the swans. Jan. 1992, Vol. “Ara Pacis Augustae: Le Vicende”. . The ancient monument, with its fragments and its gaps, has been given, so to speak, a facelift, as if it were the face of an old man that shines now, in the white of its marbles, with an almost timeless beauty.”. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997. Thus, at least one now-unknown slab must originally have been between them, altering the spacing of figures on the frieze. al. Three pages of text, 5 maps, a model and a drawing of the Campus Martius, from the 16th to 20th centuries; 2 prints of the Arco del Portogallo. 400-426. Review of the discovery and later history of the Ara Pacis with annotated bibliography. Vol. Fino al 6 gennaio all’Ara Pacis, Henri Cartier Bresson. Roma: L’Erma di Bretschneider, 1989. 83 (1976), pp. Soprintendenza Archeologica di Roma. La Materia del Restauro: Techniche e Teorie Analitiche. Rossini, 2007, p. 134. “The Ara Pacis Augustae” Augustus On the web through Engramma. Written for the intelligent non-specialist (no references or bibliography), this relatively short introduction brings the Ara Pacis to life. Fasti (The Festivals). Roma: L’Erma di Bretschneider, 1983. Rehak, Paul, ed. “Richard Meier’s New Home for the Ara Pacis, a Roman Treasure, Opens”. This is indeed the most serious restriction on viewing conditions for the Ara Pacis, especially as the viewing level from outside this glass wall is at street level an entire floor below the monument. Milan: Casa Editrice Oberdan Zucci S. A., 1937. The final chapter beautifully contrasts the Augustus’s Ara Pacis with Trajan’s victory column. Preceeding the publication of his major 2006 book, Imperium and Cosmos, Rehak here presented a convincing argument that one of the flamen on the south side processional frieze of the Ara Pacis resulted from a last minute recarving of a previous non-flamen togas background figure. T'ho preso due o tre girasoli per farmi perdonare E dai. “Scheletri e batteri”. Zanker, Paul Urbani, Giovanni, ed. Eva M. Steinby, pp. Platner's entry is available on Bill Thayer’s website, hosted by the University of Chicago. Maurizio Rossi. 10. Rosae includes 8 pages and 6 medium-size photographs on the Ara Pacis. 34-36; tavv. The last minute placement of the reconstructed Ara Pacis Augustae within its  new pavilion is shown to aggrevate the already unresolved design of the Piazzale. The panel had been redicovered and unearthed in 1568. 318-322). Bullettino della Commissione Archeologica Communale di Roma. Acta Jutlandica, Vol. Vol. Ed. The author examines imperial images of children to see what they reveal of Roman nobility and political ideology. Let the last hurrah of this magnificent civilization be known once again, to the whole universe! . Che poi con te è tutto un flirtare Ma tu non concludi mai T’ho preso due/tre girasoli per farmi perdonare E dai. Art and Power: Europe under the Dictators 1930-45. Ed. L’Ara Pacis Augustae. Includes about 40 excellent photographs of the outside, and a few inside, of the new Museo dell’Ara Pacis, taken in 2008 by Ralph  Lieberman, Williams College. Steven W. Semes clearly describes the importance of this book in the history of Italian restoration: "Giovannoni believed that the historic centers of the great European cities could be adapted to modern life without destroying their architectural character, not by the massive demolitions required by the model of Hausmann's Paris, but by what he called diradamento—a thinning out or pruning of the urban fabric, as one cares for a forest by clearing underbrush and trimming the trees. . Berkeley: University of Californai Press, 1990. Dynasty and Empire in the Age of Augustus: The Case of the Boscoreale Cups. There are some 60 illustrations, including many important details. The video is on the EffectiveClass web site, where it is described as “posted by alino on Mar 11th, 2010 in History”. These 3 drawings are reproduced on this website. MEFRA). Bianchi Bandinelli, R. Preface Richard Meier; Introduction, “The Museum between Linearity and Chance Occurance”, by Germano Celant; Afterword Michael E. Shapiro. Photographs of the relief with image of this obelisk are reproduced on this website. Vol. Turbingen 1966, p.687. . Gangemi Editore, 2009. It isn't enough to bind men with his favours; he binds gods as well. "Ara Pacis: "l'iscrizione con  le Res Gestae Augusti nell'allestimento Morpurgo (1938)". La Rocca, Eugenio Su Zalando trovi una ricca collezione di pantaloni da donna bianchi, la soluzione ideale per ogni occasione e ogni momento della giornata.Un paio di pantaloni bianchi, infatti, rappresenta un capo jolly nel guardaroba femminile e ti aiuta a sfoggiare un look di classe da mattina a sera. In 2006 Rehak wrote that “For the present, therefore, we can accept Buchner’s basic reconstruction of the Horologium-Solarium as a vast planar sundial, constructed in such a manner as to create a programmatic relationship between itself and the Ara Pacis. “Un’Architettura alla ricerca del suo luogo”. 2 vols. Available on the web through JStor at But on entering the new museum, many visitors find that the transition from dark entry area to the spacious, sun-filled grand hall in front of the Ara Pacis enobles the monument far more than at any time since ancient Rome. London: Geoffrey Cumberledge, 1953. The book is organized by concept, drawing on a wide range of architecture, urban design, altars, sculpture, reliefs, cups, coins, wall paintings, inscriptions, contemporary poetry and other literary sources. pp. La mia felpa fluo. June 29, 2001. The 2 scrolling acanthus friezes are extensively illustrated on this website. Melucco Vaccaro, Alessandra There are 6 instructive maps, important for following the narrative of the Res Gestae, though unfortunately gray-scale and too small for detail.. Riemann, H. Storia degli Scavi di Roma e Notizie Intorno le Collezioni Romane di Antichità. The author argues more than previous scholars that everything is orchestrated to serve the message to be conveyed. Urbani, Giovanni, ed. Imperatoris Caesaris Aufusti, Operum Fragmenta. Rodewaldt, Gerhart There is only one image of the Ara Pacis (fragments) and no images of or discussion of the 1938 pavilion; but the entire book provides rich context for the newly reconstucted monument and its pavilion. 31-57. Hazek Dodge and Bryan Ward-Perkins. “The Altar of Peace”. London: Courtauld Institute of Art, 2001. “Il Cantiere e la costruzione”. This, the main purpose and most significant achievement of the new Museo dell’Ara Pacis, is too often overlooked. The altar itself was not found” (p.31). Through study of unpublished documents, Dolari has been able to describe with more specificity and detail than previous authors some of the decisions made in the 1938 reconstruction of the Ara Pacis. Librairie Arthème Fayard, 1988. Rome: Bulzoni, 1976. Pollini makes several highly original suggestions, such as that the two processional reliefs “depict two sides of a single column of figures, not two separate files” (p.80). In new diagrams, he suggests convincing realignments. Mittheilungen des Kaiserlich Deutschen Archaeologischen Instituts, Roemische Abtheilung (Roemischen Mittheilungen / Roem. His atlas consisted of 46 separate plates, each 25 x 36 inches, mapping most of the ancient city of Rome at 1:1,000 scale (in 1990 a half-size edition was published by Edizione Quasar and distributed by the J. Paul Getty Museum). Tacitus, Cornelius Col tuo pantalone bianco all'Ara Pacis Per educazione do un colpetto di clacson E ti guardo Che poi con te è tutto un flirtare Tanto non concludi mai. Vol. Built in 1938 to house the Ara Pacis, the pavilion had been constructed hurridly and with inferior materials. Art History. 13, no. Quaderni di Giovinezza, diretti da Oberdan Zucci, Vol.XV, No.9 (1937 October 15). Castriota, David Zanker also calls attention to the major enlargement of the overall museum building, with the addition of a large atrium, auditorium, gallery, offices, etc., and some of the  major adjustments this required. Köln: Universität zu Köln; Archäologisches Institut; Forschungsarchiv für Antike Plastik,, Thomson de Grummond, Nancy Studies in Augustan “Historical” Reliefs Stern believes that the processional frieze “depicts an event in summer 13 BC as Augustus wanted us to remember it”, a snapshot in time before the changes of 12 BCE. Portella, Ivana della, photographs by Mark E. Smith "Ara Pacis Augustae: Le fasi della ricomposizione nei documenti dell'archivo centrale dello stato". A thoroughly researched study of “reliefs of the Augustan age, particularly those works which commemorate or allude to events or situations of a historical nature” (p.1). Ten Books on Architecture (De Architectura Libri Decem). “Moving the Ara pacis and putting it back together was unthinkable. The quality of most of the illustrations is excellent, a few poor, and, not surprisingly, given the conditions at the time, most of the color is peculiar. Vol.1 Text, Vol.2 Drawings. Ouroussoff, Nicolai Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology, 2007. There is a 12 page scholarly preface and bibliography and 20 gray-scale photos. The Roman Cultural Revolution. Torelli, Mario Importantly, he calls attention to the danger of over-interpretation. The following 11 informative essays are separately listed in this bibliography: Gatti, Guglielmo (1905-1981) Bonner Jahrbücher des  Rheinischen Landsmuseums in Bonn und des Vereins von Altertumsfreunden im Rheinlande (BJb / BonJbb). Nicolet, Claude Pp. Instead, Swetnam-Burland argues that “though Romans had neither a comprehensive nor a precise understanding of the obelisk, the information available to them was surprisingly detailed. “The text is a translation of an original manuscript provided by Fillippo Coarelli that includes updated and revised chapters from three of his books in the Guide archeologiche Laterza series (Rome and Bari: Gius. Although there are problems with this identification, it has been so deeply incorporated within interpretations of the entire monument that the debate over identification of this relief may continue for some time. 12, no. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1977. 98. Introduction by Paul Zanker. In her section on "Liberating the Past", Lazzaro describes the 1938 reconstruction of the Ara Pacis, its fascist pavilion and context as part of the new Piazzale Augusto Impertatore.